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(Excluding 50 litre pots and above or trees over 3.50m tall (inc the pot),

unless specifically advertised on the product page - Contact us for a quote)

Eucalyptus nitida – Smithton Peppermint- 1 of the fabulous Peppermints

£66.00£109.00

Eucalyptus nitida – the Shining or Smithton Peppermint

Why we like this species

  • amazingly aromatic foliage
  • can be grown as a bushy shrub
  • thrives on normal to sandy soils

 

Sizes Quoted are the approximate height band of the tree above compost level, ie. the height of the tree once planted into the ground. Please note: Eucalyptus are living plants and can grow almost all year round, occasionally we may supply you with a plant that is slightly taller than your order. If this might cause you problems, please include a note with your order.

Click the dropdown below to view our different sizes & prices.

REF: EUCNIT
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Description

Eucalyptus nitida – Smithton Peppermint

The fragrance of the Smithton Peppermint has to be experience to be believed!

The strong, warm pepper-minty aroma given off from the juvenile foliage on a warm summer’s day is amazingly powerful, which is why we think this species is best grown as a bushy shrub.  When grown as a shrubby specimen, the plant is within reaching distance – not 10m up in the air!

Pruning keeps the leaves in the juvenile form, which is the most aromatic and it makes excellent cut foliage. The very act of cutting it for the house, keeps the plant small and manageable.

For other ways to grow Eucalyptus nitida see the ‘How to Use’ tab.

The ‘Planting and Soil’ Tab advises on this Eucs preferred growing conditions

Eucalyptus nitida

Biometrics

Shoots ‘n Leaves: Young shoots at deep crimson with a bobbly texture

Juvenile leaves are bronze when new, turning blue green as they expand

Adult leaves are glossy, blue green, very long, thin and elegant.

Bark: mostly smooth textured on young trees; either silvery olive green, sometimes golden grey. It can peel and shred in the summer.

Flowers: White, very large clusters of 9-15 flowers

Leaf Aroma: strong pleasing peppermint

Rate of Growth: Medium to Fast. 1.0-2.0 m  (3-6ft) per year

Height in maturity, if left unpruned:   Easy to keep smaller by regular pruning – March 18th and end of May.

After about 15-20 years of unchecked growth, E nitida could reach approximately 15-17 m.

Think of height in terms of a pruned Beech hedge can easily be kept at 1m tall as opposed to an unpruned Beech tree at 25m tall.

If pruned, the form of E nitida will be similar to that of Viburnum bodnantense with vertical stems.

Unless you are growing for cut foliage, please refrain from voluntarily electing to prune your Eucalyptus from August through to February; it can kill it.

To receive monthly pruning and aftercare advice, sign up to our Gumnut Club – its free and you can unsubscribe at any time.  To subscribe – just call or ping us an email to [email protected]

Further advice on pruning can be found in our Guidance Notes here

Visit our pruning video here

Hardiness: Good hardiness rating, root-system should be happy down to around -12 to -14°C, once mature and on a free draining soil.

Hardiness in Eucalyptus is governed by

  • provenance of seed (all our seed is sourced from frosty or cold locations)
  • how it is grown (i.e. high nitrogen levels reduces cold tolerance),
  • the age of the tree – the older your tree, the hardier it will be. Younger Eucs are more susceptible to frost damage.
  • how long it has been planted in the ground. The deeper you can encourage the rooting by digging a deep planting pit at the time of installation, the quicker your tree will establish and you will increase its ability to survive cold winters. See our planting notes for more details.

For more information on how to help your Eucalyptus be more hardy – see our Guidance Notes here

Additional information

Weight N/A
Dimensions N/A
Size

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Planting Position and Soil

Eucalyptus nitida Requirements:

  • Sun: Enjoys full sun and open sky above. Avoid shade cast by other tall trees and buildings.
  • Soil type: Happy in a wide range of soils, but performs best on those which are acid to neutral and of average to good fertility.
  • Soil moisture levels: Requires a free draining soil in winter, hates having wet feet.  However, water well during the summer, for 2 growing seasons, to ensure your tree establishes well.
  • Environment: Good in exposed coastal locations, but will require a degree of shelter if grown up north and inland – see ‘How to Use’ tab

Recommendations:

  • If planting a large number for firewood or cut foliage, subsoiling may be a good practice to follow, especially if pastureland has previously been used by livestock.
  • For the best results, follow our planting and aftercare watering instructions, issued with every order; they can also be found under the Help and Advice tab on this website.
  • Improve poor soils with our planting kit, at the time of planting.
  • To encourage deep rooting and therefore good stability, prepare a deep planting pit as per our instructions.
  • Ensure there is no competition from weeds or grass around the base of the young tree as this will seriously cramp its style and slow down establishment. Our research has found that grass around the trunks of newly planted Eucalypts can completely stop them from growing and may lead to failure
  • Make life easier for you and your new tree: Plant with the mycorrhizal fungi product Rootgrow.  Eucalyptus in particular have a special, lifelong relationship with their root fungi, the latter of which actively transport food and water directly into the tree roots, helping your new Euc establish faster and more efficiently, particularly in challenging types of soil.

 

How to Use

Eucalyptus nitida – the Shining or Smithton Peppermint

How to use in the landscape and/or garden:  How to grow or train it to get the best out of it 

Fabulous Specimen Tree for the wider landscape, arboretum collection or avenue planting and for the medium and larger garden.

Commercially: a good choice for open public spaces, parks, business parks, university campus

 For the smaller garden: grow as a bushy shrub

Growing a full-sized standard: planting the tree and running away is an option, but it won’t necessarily give you the best results!

We suggest you maintain a leading shoot and tip prune the lateral shoots to encourage bushiness.  Keep all the sides shoots as they are building up the strength of the main trunk.

  • To grow a large specimen, leave the tree to grow up naturally thereafter.
  • For a small tree, tip prune the leader when it reaches 1.2m, thereafter let the head develop. Then prune the tree every March 18th and end of May to keep your tree small and bushy.

For more, see our guidance notes for growing specimen Eucalyptus in our Help and Advice section.

For monthly emails on how and when to prune and care for your Eucalyptus, sign up to our Gumnut Club and we’ll send you the Bush Telegraph – it’s totally free and you can unsubscribe at any time.

Growing shrub-on-a-stick clipped standard: this is an opportunity to grow a Eucalyptus in a confined space like a courtyard and also control its overall size. You can produce a small tree on a trunk with a height of anywhere between 2.4m (8ft) and 4m (12ft). Prune back growth every March 18th or thereabouts and tip prune the annual growth back by up to 90% at the end of May. Light tip pruning can be done again during July, but no later. Don’t prune from August through to February.  We have no direct experience of growing E nitida as shrub-on-a-stick, but we don’t see why it shouldn’t be possible.

Growing a multi-stemmed bush or tree.

We offer E. nitida in bush form so you can grow it as a bushy shrub.

If you are starting with a standard tree, E nitida responds well to coppicing and readily produces a multi-stemmed specimen  responds well to coppicing, once it has attained a trunk of some 125 mm in diameter and readily produces a multi-stemmed specimen

Why would you want to grow as a bushy shrub?

To create:

  • a tree with more body or ‘mass’ of branches and foliage for screening purposes. Once grown back up to its full potential, it will now have several main trunks
  • an attractive multi-stemmed architectural tree, especially if it has exceptional bark
  • to control height, whereby your Euc can be usefully maintained anywhere between 2.4m (8ft) and 7m (20ft), but genetically it will want to grow taller if ignored.

REMEMBER: No grass, no weeds and a thick boring bark chip mulch, to a depth of 150 mm (6 inches) are essential to assist with good establishment. Our research trials have demonstrated that grass around the trunk of Eucalyptus prevent the trees from quickly establishing and can completely stop them from growing.

Pot Culture outdoors:  E. xxx  can be successfully grown as a multi-stemmed shrub in a container provided you are prepared to pot on at the recommended intervals and to supply it with sufficient water and food during the growing season.

Always keep pot-grown Eucalyptus in the air-pot container system for healthy and happy trees.😊  They do not thrive in smooth-walled containers ☹

For information on how to successfully grow Eucs in pots, visit our Blog entitled ‘How to grow a Eucalyptus in a pot and keep it alive!’

Summer Patio then Winter Conservatory; a tender species:  if you are growing in a cold or exposed location, you may want to overwinter your Smithton Peppermint in an unheated greenhouse. Then re-pot in the Spring and put outside for the summer months.

Floral Art:  E. nitida produces excellent cut foliage for Flower Farmers and floral art, for those growing in a sheltered, sunny location with free-draining soil.

Firewood Production:  E. nitida is not on our selected species list for Biomass or Firewood.

Do give us a call on our nursery mobile 07307 413 052 if you would like to discuss growing firewood with one of our consultants

Ecology:

  • All Eucalyptus produce flowers with nectar and pollen, but this species has particularly spectacular flowers making it a real draw for honey bees and other pollinators.
  • Chickens: The shredded foliage of nitida is excellent at keeping Chicken nest boxes and hen houses free of red mites, which detest the presence of Eucalyptol. I used to line our Chicken boxes with shredded leaves, strew the floor and pile up the spindly branches for the chickens to make nests.  It was all great till the foxes moved into the next field L

 Environmental:

  • Growing on the Coast nitida is an excellent performer under coastal conditions.  To make this work, we recommend that:
  1. you plant a smaller specimen (5 litre bush or standard at around 1m-1.2m tall),
  2. encourage fast establishment in a deeply prepared planting pit (follow our planting advice), to encourage deep rooting to grow an upright, stable tree.
  • Staking will be required.
  • Newly planted trees will very likely require a wind break shelter for their first winter in the ground with you.
  • Zero grass or weeds during the period of establishment is non-negotiable!

Do get in touch if you are giving this a go and let us know how you get on.

Tolerant of poor stony soils once established nitida does not require a rich soil and can survive in poor, stony soils.   Tolerant of arid environments, poor sandy or stony dry soils once established. It is essential that your Euc. is given our recommended quantity of water for its first 2 growing seasons in your grounds, during its establishment phase before you abandon it to its fate.  The tree needs to establish a good, deep root system before it can survive in dry, challenging conditions. No grass, no weeds and a thick bark chip mulch, to a depth of 150 mm (6 inches) are essential to assist with good establishment. Growth on impoverished soils will always be reduced.

 

Nursery Notes and Trivia

We grow E.nitida in 5 litre pots as standard trees and multi-stemmed bushes                      

 Lignotuber:  it has one, which is a good thing!  E. nitida will regenerate off the lignotuber if cut down by man, beast or nature.  It also produces many shoots from epicormic buds lying dormant beneath the bark higher up the tree; so E. nitida will respond extremely well to both coppicing and pollarding practices, once large enough to tolerate it.

What is a lignotuber?  See our Blog post on the subject here

Meaning of the name:

Eucalyptus nitida: Latin nitidus, shining, referring to the leaves.

Botanical Name: Eucalyptus nitida  MYRTACEÆ; Myrtle Family

Common Name: Smithton Peppermint, Shining Peppermint, Shiny leaved Peppermint, Peppermint (Tasmania)

Status: Evergreen Tree

Origin: Tasmania

Seed Source: Provence Florentine Valley, Tasmania 1200 ft

 

 

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