Eucalyptus pauciflora subsp. pauciflora
Eucalyptus pauciflora subspecies pauciflora - Snow Gum. Beautiful, ornamental, evergreen tree with bags of attitude, huge juvenile leaves, gorgeous bark and amazing style . Grows into a fabulous medium sized specimen tree. Call us on 0751 526 1511 for help in choosing your Eucalyptus.
Why we like this variety:-
- a tree with bags of attitude, huge juvenile leaves, gorgeous bark and amazing style
- grows into a fabulous medium specimen tree as either a single truck
- sunlight shining through the young carmine foliage is quite beautiful - like stained glass windows
- snow gums are very tough and resilient
Botanical Name: Eucalyptus pauciflora subspecies pauciflora Family: Myrtaceae
Common Name: White Sallee, Cabbage Gum, Snow Gum
Status: Evergreen Tree
Origin: Alpine and sub-alpine region of eastern Australia. This is quite a variable group of Eucalypts and it is divided into six sub-species (sometimes listed under their own species). The most commonly grown sub species are E. niphophila, pauciflora, debeuzevillei. Three less common subspecies are ssp. acerina, ssp. hedraia and ssp. parvifructa. Eucalyptus pauciflora ssp. nana has been reclassified as E. gregsoniana, E. pauciflora 'Pendula' is most likely E. lacrimans.
As a group they can be identified by; their smooth bark, which is thick and textured, their leaves have a thick leathery texture, parallel veins and are usually weeping, they take longer to establish than other gums, preferring to take a couple of years in the ground before making fast growth. Some sub-species (E.p. ssp. debeuzevillei) are generally slow growing; making them ideal for the smaller garden.
All are relatively cold hardy (depending also on seed provenance), but climate adaptability and habit vary across the group; and they may take a little longer than other Eucalypts to re-shoot if they suffer severe frost damage.
If given good drainage and plenty of moisture, Snow gums can withstand a great deal of heat and can also cope with exposure to salt laden winds.
Nursery Notes: 5 litre stock ready now in a couple of sizes
Sturdy 9 litre standards of good height ready now
Eucalyptus pauci. subsp. pauciflora is only available in 5 litre pots or larger. We found it does not do well in smaller nursery pot sizes.
Description, habit, uses and attributes: E. pauciflora ssp. pauciflora is a medium sized Eucalyptus tree or mallee with a more upright habit than its close relatives. It forms a lignotuber, so it will grow back if cut down by frost, but does not respond well to coppicing as a cultural practice. An easy going species of snow gum, this Eucalypt can tolerate soils that are marginally less free draining that the other sub-species. Tolerant of salt laden winds and exposed locations.
Training: we recommend you nip out the top 1cm of the growing shoot and side shoots of a young tree at around 1.5m tall to encourage the development of the crown. Further nip out the ends of the shoot tips subsequently produced to make it more bushy. This is better for the roots and long term, produces a firm stable tree. Timing: prune around end March-beginning of April. March 18th is National Eucalyptus Day - see our blog post. Reduce fresh spring growth by up to 50% during the 1st week of June; we find snow gums respond very well to this form of pruning.
Staking: it is essential that this species in particular establishes a stable root system before it grows away. Stake low down using a study wooden post not banged through the rootball! Attach the tree using the flat of a hessian ribbon tree belt. Don't use rubber tree belts - they saw Eucs in half. In very windy locations, you may need to reduce the crown for the first couple of years, to reduce root rock and build a fat trunk.
Shoots 'n Leaves: Young shoots are a glowing bronze pink with golden tips. Young stems are burgundy coloured and coated in a white bloom.
Juvenile foliage - Very large grey blue leaves, up to 22 cm long and 9 cm wide; some of them very square in outline. Adult foliage - long slender and blue grey-green
Bark: Smooth, white and creamy grey mosaic.
Flowers: white and in groups of 9-15
Leaf Aroma: faintly minty
Rate of Growth: Slow to Medium 1.0-1.5 metres per year
Height in maturity, if left unpruned: less than 10-15 metres To give you a sense of scale - I guess this would be equal to or slightly taller than a two storey house.
Hardiness: Generally tolerating down to -18 to 20°C, exposed locations and salt laden winds, this is one of the hardiest of all Eucalyptus! Please note younger trees are less tolerant of frost and may suffer exposure damage in early years at low temperatures
Planting Position and Soil Preference: Full sun, in any reasonable, free draining, normal garden soil. Snow gums are more than happy in rubbly, stoney and sandy ground, but sulk monumentally when planted in cold waterlogged clay (we know this - we tried!). Tolerant of windy exposed conditions. Great for coastal gardens; they put up with salt laden winds. Very hardy. Plant with Rootgrow mycorrhizal fungi (see sundries) to give it a good start in life. Rootgrow is the 'pizza delivery man' for your young Eucalypt!