Eucalyptus kitsoniana - Gippsland Mallee
Gippsland Mallee or Bog Gum. Great small, ornamental, evergreen tree with attractive bark. Provides pollen, nectar and shelter for bees and wildlife (good game cover). Grows in a wide range of soils including swampy, boggy sandy loam and clay soils. Good for coastal gardens/landscape as it tolerates salt-laden winds. Call us on 0751 5261511 for assistance in choosing your Eucalyptus.
Why we like this variety:-
- Small evergreen Eucalyptus tree
- Bright fresh to mid-green green foliage, which looks good in the UK landscape
- Large flowers in large groups, great for bees
- Responds well to pruning
- Great for wet ground and also exposed coastal planting, as well as ordinary soil types
Botanical Name: Eucalyptus kitsoniana MYRTACEÆ; Myrtle Family
Common Name: Gippsland Mallee, Bog Gum, Flat-root (Victoria)
Status: Evergreen Tree
Origin: of very limited distribution of coastal distribution in the Welshpool-Foster-Mt Oberon area south-east of Melbourne and Portland district and Apollo Bay areas of western Victoria.
Processing, shipping & dispatch
Nursery Notes 2020: Spring - 5 litre season year 3 stock ready now in a good size. More mature stock ready in 20 litre pots, later on this summer. Shorter, young, 5 litre stock will be available again in July 2021
Description, habit, uses and attributes:
A rare small single trunked tree or mallee form (where is has several trunks) - bushy habit.
Coming from a coastal district (which tend to have milder climates), E. kitsoniana exhibits remarkable cold hardiness and shows great promise for use in the UK landscape. Other really useful benefits include being tolerant of salt-laden winds and wet marshy ground.
If you require a single stemmed specimen tree, we recommend that this species is trained to a single stem from the beginning, to 'give it the message'!
Lignotuber: forms a lignotuber (which is good). E. kitsoniana readily produces shoots from the lignotuber on its own initiative or if it is cut down by man, beast or nature.
How to use in the landscape and/or garden:
- Excellent small, ornamental, evergreen tree for the wider landscape/for the smaller garden, reaching somewhere between 15-30 ft. E. kitsoniana can be pruned successfully to keep a smaller bushier habit. Trim every spring, as desired, to maintain a smaller tree of less than 20ft, by removing around 5-6ft of growth. A great addition to the garden, where a small to medium sized evergreen tree is quickly required to provide structure and/or screening.
- Hedges Screens Windbreaks: planted en masse, E. kitsoniana will provide good windbreak/shelter screening in coastal situations; is unaffected by dessicating salt-laden winds. Unlikely to produce a hedge in the traditional sense, like yew or box.
- Rural/Agricultural: fast growing evergreen that benefits pollinating insects. Green foliage does not look out of place in the landscape. Group plantings would benefit wildlife and provide game cover in wet, boggy ground, which is unsuitable for pine trees and other such species.
- Ecology: a prolific number of nectar and pollen laden, large flowers make this species good for Apiary work, providing food for a wide range of pollinating bees and insects, leading to high quality honey.
- Environmental: E. kitsoniana's tolerance of boggy, marshy ground and soils that are intermittently inundated make it a good choice for planting in these difficult conditions, where evergreen trees will benefit wildlife through the winter months and provide shelterbelt screening for other establishing flora.
- Floral Art: although not one on the main floral art list for production, E. kitsoniana produces useful cut foliage if you want a small quantity
Shoots 'n Leaves: Young shoots: fresh bright apple green
Juvenile foliage: fresh apple green, glossy - look really healthy - elliptical to ovate
Adult foliage: darkening with age to a deep-mid green - still gloss and healthy. In shape, very similar to that of E. neglecta. Sometimes broadly lanceolate, but more often elliptical to ovate The crown of the tree is often a mix of juvenile, intermediate and adult foliage.
Bark: A very good feature of this species: smooth foxy red with seal grey, shedding in ribbons to reveal gold/copper, salmon-pink with choc n vanilla shades. Peeled, shed bark can often be seen in the upper branches - if harvested, it makes excellent kindling for lighting your log burner/fire pit.
Flowers: Quite significant flower buds, up to 2.5 cm long, producing large, white flowers, carried in groups of 7 and produced in large quantities.
Leaf Aroma: quite strong, sweet Eucalyptus oil.
Rate of Growth: quick growing for an evergreen tree, classified as a moderately fast grower in the Eucalyptus world.
Height in maturity, if left unpruned: approx 5-10m in height (15-30ft depending on environment), bushy habit. Can be trimmed to keep under control - responds well to pruning. If coppiced, it will take on the size and shape of a large species rose or coppiced Hazel tree.
Hardiness: generally hardy down to -7 to -8°C, with time possibly hardy down to -10 to -12°C. Recovers well from damage due to freezing. Definitely worth trialling in the wider landscape.
Planting Position and Soil Preference: Tolerates a wide range of soil types from sandy loam through to clay, boggy soils, those that are periodically flooded as well as dry/normal garden soils. Position in an open aspect with full sun. Will grow well anywhere down the western side of the UK including north-west Scotland and all the UK islands, anywhere along southern England (below a line drawn between Gloucester and London). Worth trialling in the eastern parts of the UK where the temperature does not fall below -13°C for prolonged periods of time during the winter.
Make life easier for you and your new tree: Plant with the mycorrhizal fungi product Rootgrow. Eucalyptus in particular have a special, lifelong relationship with their root fungi, the latter of which actively transport food and water directly into the tree roots, helping your new Euc establish faster and more efficiently, particularly in challenging types of soil.
Meaning of the name:
kitsoniana: after Sir Albert Ernest Kitson (1868–1937).
'Albert Kitson was a geologist who joined the Geological Survey Office of the Victorian Public Service. In 1899 he took charge of the topographical and geological surveys of the coalfields of the Gippsland. He became senior geologist in 1903. He wrote many papers on geology, hydrology, geography and natural history. In 1900 he wrote a most informative paper on the lyrebird, based on his experience in South Gippsland.' (ref: Euclid)