Eucalyptus archeri - alpine cider gum
Why we like this variety:
- Very useful, versatile, adaptable species with nice table manners
- Easy to grow, can be pruned to keep it under control
- Tolerant of difficult conditions
- Looks very attractive - good foliage and bark
- Very good in urban and modern style gardens
Alpine Cider Gum. Evergreen Tree with rounded silvery blue-green leaves; bushy habit when young and ultimately (if left unpruned) a stately tree with weeping long glaucous foliage. The cut foliage is good for flower arranging and preserves well with glycerine.
Call us on 0751 526 1511 for assistance in choosing your Eucalyptus.
- Eucalyptus archeri
- MYRTACEÆ; Myrtle Family
- Common Name: Alpine Cider Gum
- Status: Evergreen Tree
- Origin: Small tree endemic to Tasmania
Nursery notes 2020: Good stocks of 3 litre and 5 litre ready now
Standards and multi-stems in both 12 litre and 20 litre are in production for the summer
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Description, habit, uses and attributes:
E. archeri closely resembles and is related to E. gunni, but E. archeri ultimately produces a much smaller tree in maturity; which makes it a better choice for many locations. E. archeri responds well to pruning and coppicing. In a reasonable growing period (if planted well) it produces an admirable evergreen hedge-screen (2-3m tall), particularly as it is very tolerant of exposure (windy conditions) and salt laden winds.
Lignotuber: it has one, which is a good thing! Eucalyptus archeri will regenerate off the lignotuber if cut down by man, beast or nature. It also produces many shoots from epicormic buds lying dormant beneath the bark higher up the tree; so E. archeri will respond extremely well to both coppicing and pollarding practices.
How to use in the landscape and/or garden:
Good Specimen Tree for the wider landscape and for the medium or larger garden. For growing a full sized standard, planting the tree and running away is an option, but it wont necessarily give you the best results.
Growing shrub-onna-stick clipped standard: E. archeri is a good choice for this practice. This is an opportunity to grow a Eucalyptus in a confined space and control its overall size. You can produce a small tree on a trunk with a height of anywhere between 2.4m (8ft) and 4m (around 12ft).
Growing a multi-stemmed bush or tree
Why would you want to do this? To create: - a tree with more body or ‘mass’ of branches and foliage for cutting Once grown back up to its full potential, it will now have several main trunks- an attractive multi-stemmed architectural tree, especially if it has exceptional bark Floral Art. E. archeri is great as a multi-stemmed affair as it is genetically predisposed to being bushy; it readily produces sublateral branches. To produce your own multistem from a young tree or maxi tree see our growing notes.
Floral Art: E. archeri is a great species for cut foliage with round silvery blue juvenile leaves - just what the florist ordered. Also preserves well in glycerin.
Firewood Production: E. archeri will burn just as well as E. gunnii and E. urnigera, but it doesn’t give as high a yield, so is not considered a viable prospect for large-scale firewood production. For information on how to grow firewood, see our ‘How to’ pages.
Hedge-Screens & Windbreaks: E. archeri is an excellent choice for growing a hedge-screen. Its silvery blue foliage acts like a net curtain, reflecting light and confusing the eye, so you can’t see through to the other side. The recommended planting distance between each plant is 1.5m-1.8m, certainly no closer than 1.2m apart.
- Good tree for livestock to stand under for shade. Eucalyptus provide a cool environment for horses, cattle, llamas, sheep to shelter from the sun on hot days, as the mass evaporation of water through the leaves creates a cool shady canopy beneath. Also, I believe that the eucalyptol in the leaves deters flies
Bees: All Eucalyptus produce flowers with nectar and pollen.
Habitat creation and Game Cover: this species lends itself to providing good trouble-free habitat creation for wildlife and game cover, when planted in groups and grown as multi-stems.
Birds: birds enjoy roosting in Eucalyptus trees and Pheasants like rootling around underneath them. The shredded foliage of this species is excellent at keeping Chicken nest boxes and hen houses free of red mites, which detest the prescence of Eucalyptol. I used to line our Chicken boxes with shredded leaves, strew the floor and pile up the spindly branches for the chickens to make nests. Its was all great till the foxes moved into the next field...
- Tolerant of cold and exposed growing environments inland. You may need to prune the head back in August for the first two years, prior to violent autumn gales, to prevent root rock, in such exposed locations. Thick bark chip mulch, to a depth of 150 mm (6 inches) is essential to assist with good establishment.
- Tolerant of arrid environments, poor stoney dry soils once established. It is essential that your Euc. is given lots of water during its establishment phase before you abandon it to its fate. The tree needs to establish a good root system before it can survive in these challenging conditions.
Pot Culture outdoors: E. archeri can be grown in a large patio pot for a few years as it responds to pruning and coppicing: see our notes on growing in pots.
Shoots ‘n Leaves: Young shoots are striking bright flamingo pink in spring, with silvery white and steely blue
Young stems are carmine/purple with a silvery white bloom give way to pinky brown colour as they mature
Juvenile foliage is rounded, striking silvery blue
Adult foliage is of lanceolate/elliptical leaves in blue/green shades, 4-9 cm long
Bark: Very attractive smooth white/grey bark, which flakes and peels to show salmon pink, pewter, chalk white and coffee shades, in a mosaic pattern
Flowers: White and in groups of 3
Leaf Aroma: Typical fresh Eucalyptus aroma
Rate of Growth: Medium to Fast growth rate of 1.5 to 2 metres per year
Height in maturity, if left unpruned: a medium sized Eucalyptus of approx 12-15m tall if unchecked and if pruned will take on the size and shape of a species rose or coppiced Hazel tree. Responds well to coppicing and pollarding.
Hardiness: Very hardy. Tolerant of exposed conditions. The young trees in our nursery survived well, during the winter 2010/11. Should easily tolerate down to -15°C
Hardiness in Eucalyptus is governed by provenance of seed, how it is grown (i.e. high nitrogen levels reduces cold tolerance), age of the tree - the older your tree, the hardier it will be (younger Eucs are more susceptible to frost damage).
Planting position and soil preference:
This Eucalyptus requires full sun. Ordinary garden soil is good, as is loamy, sandy/stoney free draining soil. E. archeri grows very well for us at Grafton Nursery in our cold, wet, swampy, alkaline yellow clay, so any soil better than this will be fine!
Make life easier for you and your new tree: Plant with the mycorrhizal fungi product Rootgrow. Eucalyptus in particular have a special, lifelong relationship with their root fungi, the latter of which actively transport food and water directly into the tree roots, helping your new Euc establish faster and more efficiently, particularly in challenging types of soil.
Meaning of the name:
Eucalyptus archeri named after the secretary of the Royal Society, Tasmania; a Mr William H. Archer (1829-1874), plant hunter and botanist. He was also a Fellow of the Royal Society and the Linnean Society. In 1848, he collected Eucalyptus plant material from the Western Mountains of Tasmania; trees later named Eucalyptus archeri.